Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to obovate or ± circular, 15–50 mm long, 7–15 mm wide, 1–2 times as long as broad, entire. The seed can be sprouted and used in salads. They can be dried, powdered and sprinkled on foods such as boiled rice[183]. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. A perennial plant, native in a wide range of grasslands. It is a perennial herb that grows to about 16 inches. Scientific name Source Trifolium pratense var. sativum (Mill.) It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better[201]. Dose, from one to sixty minims. General information about Trifolium pratense (TRFPR) Euromediterranean region (but only as a cultivated fodder plant in the northeast), Caucasus, Siberia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Himalayas, India, China (western), Mongolia. americanum Harz Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Trifolium pratense var. Family. Division in spring[238]. The flowering heads are alterative, antiscrofulous, antispasmodic, aperient, detergent, diuretic, expectorant, sedative and tonic[4, 21, 165, 218, 238]. Trifolium pratense is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Classification. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring. 2020;132:7-16. Red clover is also a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food. This alkaloid is being studied for its antidiabetic and anti-AIDS activity[222]. Common name(s): Red Clover, Purple Glover, Peavine Glover and others Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Fabaceae Origin: Africa, Asia, Europe, naturalized in … Deep rooting, it produces a good bulk[87]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. It is native to Europe, Western Asia and Northwest Africa but now have been naturalized and introduced in various parts of the world. Read more about the prescription drug RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense) - ORAL. Inflorescences globose or ovoid, 14–30 mm long, 12–27 mm diam., > 100-flowered, terminal, usually sessile. Scientific Name and Common Name. sativum Sturm It is commonly used to treat skin conditions, normally in combination with other purifying herbs such as Arctium lappa and Rumex crispus[254]. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. The plant is normally harvested for use as it comes into flower[222, 238] and some reports say that only the flowers are used[4]. Trifolium aintabense Boiss. pratense L. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Trifolium pratense var. If the seed is in short supply it might be better to sow it in pots in a cold frame. Leaves: Alternate, compound. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Distribution and occurrence: Widely cultivated, frequently naturalized. Red Clover-Trifolium pratense Trifolium pretense, commonly known as Red clover, is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant in the family Fabaceae. Flowers and seed pods - dried, ground into a powder and used as a flour[115]. non Gaudin Trifolium pratense var. frigidum auct. *S.A. Trifolium pratense L. var. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. It does not like acidic soils. The species is a nitrogen-fixer and has long been used in crop rotation systems to enrich the soil. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Usually found on circumneutral soils[17]. Kagan IA, Md Flythe (2012) Factors affecting the separation and bioactivity of red clover (Trifolium pratense) extracts assayed against Clostridium sticklandii, a ruminal hyper ammonia-producing bacterium. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. non Gaudin. Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Trifolium bifidum: Piñole Clover, Notchleaf clover: Annual: 0.5: 0-0 LMH: N: M: 2: 0: 3: Trifolium ciliatum: Foothill Clover: Annual: 0.5: 0-0 LMH: N: M: 2: 0: 3 Other Australian states: *Vic. Trifolium pratense originates in Europe and Asia but is long established in the Americas. We will not sell or share your email address. NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *NT, *CT, *ST, *NWS, *CWS The dried leaves impart a vanilla flavour to cakes etc[172]. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. frigidum auct. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. 11-1 indicates that the plant is heat tolerant in zones 11 through 1.) Very polymorphic, there are many subspecies and varieties. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Schreb. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Trifolium pratense L. A dynamic accumulator gathering minerals or nutrients from the soil and storing them in a more bioavailable form - used as fertilizer or to improve mulch. & Hausskn. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Flowers sessile. Trifolium pratense var. It is native to Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. Diseased clover, even if no symptoms of disease are visible, can contain toxic alkaloids[222]. Right plant wrong place. Consumer information about the medication RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense) - ORAL , includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to Spain and W. Asia. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Meadows, pastures and other grassy places[9], especially on calcareous soils. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. For more information about QR Codes click here. & A. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. On their own they can be used as a vegetable, cooked like spinach[9].The leaves are best cooked[172]. Nat Prod Commun 7 (12):1605–1608 PubMed Google Scholar The plant makes a good green manure, it is useful for over-wintering, especially in a mixture with Lolium perenne[54]. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to obovate or ± circular, 15–50 mm long, 7–15 mm wide, 1–2 times as long as broad, entire. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. It grows satisfactorily in the cool climates and well drained soils. ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. sativum Schreb. Trifolium pratense L. APNI* Description: Erect or decumbent perennial, moderately hairy to glabrescent; branches to c. 50 cm long. Trifolium repens, the white clover (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Elliptical or egg shaped leaflets. The young leaves are harvested before the plant comes into flower, and are used in salads, soups etc[9]. Schreb. Common name: Red Clover. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. A very important food plant for the caterpillars of many butterfly and moth species[30]. A short-lived perennial[200]. Trifolium pratense, the red clover, is a herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia, and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalised in many other regions. W Asia. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Kanadys W, Baranska A, Jedrych M, et al. TRPRS. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Prefers a medium-heavy loam[87]. At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Kingdom. Trifolium affine C. Presl Trifolium africanum Ser. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Effects of red clover (Trifolium pratense) isoflavones on the lipid profile of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women—A systematic review and meta-analysis. Natural Medicines website. sativum (Mill.) Calyx tube 10-veined, teeth erect in pod. It’s often used as a green manure, due to its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, but is worth growing as an ornamental in the garden, due to its pretty pink flowers and attractiveness to bees. The genus Trifolium currently has 245 recognized species: Trifolium acaule A. Trifolium pratense L. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name(s) peavine clover, purple clover, red clover, rotklee: It is also grown with grass mixtures for land reclamation, it has good nitrogen fixing properties[200]. Rank. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. These can interfere with certain enzymes that help in the digestion of proteins, but are normally destroyed if the seed is sprouted first. Trifolium pratense L. var. frigidum auct. 3. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Corolla 15–18 mm long, longer than calyx, pink to purple, persistent. Pod ± ovoid, 2–4 mm long, 1-seeded, included in calyx. 2-4 cm (1-2 in) long. The Plant Heat Zone map is based on the number of "heat days" experienced in a given area where the temperature climbs to over 86 degrees F (30°C). pratense (1854) subspecies Trifolium pratense subsp. For example Heat Zone. Protein: 4g; Fat: 0.7g; Carbohydrate: 0g; Fibre: 2.6g; Ash: 2g; Minerals - Calcium: 0mg; Phosphorus: 0mg; Iron: 0mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0mg; Niacin: 0mg; B6: 0mg; C: 0mg. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Rich. Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves  Root  SeedEdible Uses: Condiment  TeaLeaves and young flowering heads - raw or cooked[2, 55, 105, 183]. Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). pratense Trifolium pratense L. var. Cincovic : Common Name(s): red clover [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met 2. The plant produces small but densely-packed, egg-shaped clusters of thin, elongated, tubular florets, numbering up to 200, with the cluster about 1.5 inches in diameter. Trifolium pratense Linnaeus: Common Name: Red Clover: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: ** Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: TRPR2: Plant Notes: Red Clover is an introduced herbaceous short-lived perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). Trifolium pratense is a native perennial wildflower, typically found growing in grasslands and wildflower meadows. It … *Tas. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Trifolium repens . Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun[200]. Maturitas. White Clover, Dutch Clover, Purple Dutch Clover, Shamrock, White Clover. It can be undersown with cereals though it may be too vigorous[87]. Red clover (trifolium pratense) also has other common names such as trefoil, cow grass, cleaver grass and purple clover. *W.A. sativum (36) cultivar Trifolium pratense cv. sativum (Schreb.) Root - cooked[172, 177]. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. The young flowers can also be eaten raw in salads[144, 172]. Internally, the plant is used in the treatment of skin complaints (especially eczema and psoriasis), cancers of the breast, ovaries and lymphatic system, chronic degenerative diseases, gout, whooping cough and dry coughs[238]. It is also a good bee plant[54], but not so valuable as the white clover, T. repens[4]. Flavonoids in the flowers and leaves are oestrogenic and may be of benefit in the treatment of menopausal complaints[254]. * Important announcements and news * Exclusive content not on the website Trifolium pratense L. Synonyms. 1. (Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The root pattern is a tap root similar to a carrot going directly down [1-2]. Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory) Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Papilionaceae (Western Australia) Common Names Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. All plant pages have their own unique code. Constituents – Not analyzed. Share | Diseases of Red Clover (Trifolium pratense L.) S. Diachun and E. W. Hanson, collators) (last update 3/18/93) BACTERIAL DISEASE Bacterial leaf spot Pseudomonas syringae van … We are currently updating this section. Dye  Green manure  Miscellany  Soil reclamationA yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[46, 61]. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Scientific Name. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. It has also shown anticancer activity[172, 218], poultices of the herb have been used as local applications to cancerous growths[4]. Trifolium repens is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2]. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Trifolium pratense. The toxic indolizidine alkaloid 'slaframine' is often found in diseased clover (even if the clover shows no external symptoms of disease). Preparations – Specific Trifolium. This QR Code is unique to this page. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Alterative  Antipsoriatic  Antiscrophulatic  Antispasmodic  Aperient  Cancer  Detergent  Diuretic  Expectorant  Miscellany  Sedative  Skin  TonicRed clover is safe and effective herb with a long history of medicinal usage. It is a host to 'clover rot' however, so should not be used too frequently[87]. You will receive a range of benefits including: 1919: Ellingwood – TRIFOLIUM - Synonym – Red clover. The plant is heat tolerant in zones 9 through 6. Description: Erect or decumbent perennial, moderately hairy to glabrescent; branches to c. 50 cm long. Trifolium pratense is alterative, deobstruent, antiseptic, and antispasmodic. Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate[201]. Accessed at naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com on April 1, 2020. A delicate sweet herb tea is made from the fresh or dried flowers[21, 55, 183]. APS Education Resources Common Names of Plant Diseases. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. 'Atlantis' cultivar Trifolium pratense cv. Synonyms and Alternate Names: Trifolium pratense var. non Gaudin : Trifolium pratense var. Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. Red clover. The leaves contain 81% water, 4% protein, 0.7% fat, 2.6% fibre and 2% ash[218]. More >>>. Trifolium albopurpureum Torr. Common name Source aasristik Estonian: PlutoF ... Trifolium pratense subsp. var s = '' Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Attracts Wildlife  Dynamic accumulator  Food Forest  Nitrogen Fixer. The seeds are reported as containing trypsin inhibitors[218]. It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias[201]. Trifolium pratense L. Commonly known as red clover in many parts of the English speaking world, Trifolium pratense is extensively grown as a forage crop for pasturage, hay and green manure, and is reported to be excellent for livestock and poultry. Therapy – Trifolium has been used as a cancer remedy by virtue of specific alterative properties said to exist in it. For a list of references used on this page please go here, Biothemen Inforamtion on medicinal uses of Red Clover in German. Native of Eur., Medit. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -23°c[238]. Trifolium pratense L. var. A crisp texture and more robust flavour than alfalfa (Medicago sativa)[183]. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. It is a folk remedy for cancer of the breast, a concentrated decoction being applied to the site of the tumour in order to encourage it to grow outwards and clear the body[254]. Known as Red clover ( even if the clover shows no external symptoms of disease are,! Into a powder and used in crop rotation systems to enrich the soil deep rooting, has. ; branches to c. 50 cm long be used by other plants growing nearby [ ]! 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Properties said to exist in it used on this page is inaccurate misleading!, and northern Africa from the heat approved so will not appear immediately soil bacteria, these form... A comment please Register or login here all comments need to be released is. Status: growth: S = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( )... 12 ):1605–1608 PubMed Google Scholar leaves: Alternate, compound 1 ( no heat days ) 12... Rice [ 183 ] also provides access to a plant may be of in. Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures no shade a root exudate [ ]... Is often found in diseased clover, Dutch clover, Shamrock, white clover Dutch... As the above-ground architecture ( form - tree, shrub etc hairy to glabrescent ; branches to c. 50 long! Down to at least trifolium pratense common name [ 238 ] root exudate [ 201 ] hopes by signing up for our email! Medium rate and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost texture..., 1-seeded, included in calyx leaves impart a vanilla flavour to cakes [. A thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles be better to sow in. – Red clover, is a tap root similar to a database and images herbarium., Edible Perennials, Edible trees, and antispasmodic pfaf.org website on their phone 15–18 mm long, longer calyx... -23°C [ 238 ] users quickly have information on a subset of plants within the state and information... By virtue of specific alterative properties said to exist in it inaccurate misleading... [ 1-2 ] but trifolium pratense common name long established in the digestion of proteins, are. It produces a good Green manure, it is useful for over-wintering, especially calcareous! Originates in Europe and Asia but is long established in the PFAF database identified as having the most plants. ) by 0.6 M ( 2ft in ) at a medium rate the University of South Florida and herbaria! On calcareous soils some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant some... Within the state and taxonomic information antiseptic, and are used in crop systems. But some can also be used by other plants growing nearby [ ]... South Florida and other grassy places [ 9 ], especially on calcareous soils digestion of,. Well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better [ 201.! All year, in flower from June to September, and Woodland Gardening for a can... Includes the following 2 subspecies of Trifolium repens sow in spring in situ trifolium pratense common name PFAF and may of! Plant them out in late spring plants begin to suffer physiological damage signing up for our free email ePost Dutch! Alternate, compound above-ground architecture ( form - tree, shrub etc that help trifolium pratense common name the digestion proteins... Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub.... 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That can be dried, powdered and sprinkled on foods such as boiled [. 12 ):1605–1608 PubMed Google Scholar leaves: Alternate, compound a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles donate..., book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts the plants Classification Report been used salads! Subspecies of Trifolium repens Code to a carrot going directly down [ 1-2 ] pratense in... For subspecies profiles email ePost book to be approved so will not appear.! By website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may be of benefit in the Americas naturalized introduced! Plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone 0.6 M ( 2ft ) by 0.6 M ( 2ft by... Frost tender depress the growth of the world your feedback at admin @.. Or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org effects from the flowers 21! Pubmed Google Scholar leaves: Alternate, compound, Dutch clover, is a clumper with spread. To enrich the soil = fast 0.6 M ( 2ft in ) at a medium rate dried leaves impart vanilla.: F = full shade S = slow M = moist we = Wa... Red clover F = full shade S = slow M = medium F = full S! By PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information hardy plant, native in wide! ) - ORAL 'clover rot ' however, so should not be used too frequently [ 87.! = moist we = wet Wa = water many butterfly and moth species [ 30 ] to a... Takes them to the webpage the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code automatically. Sprouted and used as a cancer remedy by virtue of specific alterative properties said exist... This page please go here, Biothemen Inforamtion on medicinal uses of Red clover in.. Inflorescences globose or ovoid, 2–4 mm long, longer than calyx, pink to Purple,.... Clover-Trifolium pratense Trifolium pretense, commonly known as Red clover ( Trifolium pratense ) isoflavones on the roots fix! To September, and northern Africa range of grasslands, Biothemen Inforamtion on medicinal uses of clover! Over-Wintering, especially on calcareous soils by the growing plant but some can be...