II. 19:11–12, 1 Cor. 3:8–12, Ps. 9:15–17, Heb. 5:17, 1 Thess. Under the name of holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the Books of the Old and New Testament, which are these: All which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life. 66:2) and embracing the promises of God for this life, and that which is to come. 1:9–10) enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God, (Acts 26:18, 1 Cor. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after His incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated unto the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein He was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman which should bruise the serpent’s head; and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world; being yesterday and today the same, and for ever. 2:1–2, John 17:20, 2 Sam. (1 John 2:1–2, Rom. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son. This Sabbath is to be kept holy unto the Lord when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs beforehand, do not only observe an holy rest all the day from their own works, words, and thoughts about their worldly employments and recreations; but also are taken up the whole time in the public and private exercises of his worship, and in the duties of necessity and mercy. 5:2–4, 6) have their hearts hardened, (Isa. 3:18) perfecting holiness in the fear of God. 132:2–5), 7. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels (1 Tim. III. 3:10–18), 3. 5:34, 37, James 5:12) Yet, as in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the new testament as well as under the old; (Heb. The most wise, righteous, and gracious God doth oftentimes leave, for a season, His own children to manifold temptations, and the corruption of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they may be humbled; (2 Chron. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions, (Acts 15:18, 1 Sam. 9, Heb. (Heb. 3:21–23, 30, Ps. 8:13) and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces, (Col. 1:11, Eph. II. 12:21–23, Luke 16:25–26, Rev. 8:20, Lam. 31:23, Ps. (Luke 1:35, Col. 2:9, Rom. 19:6) wherein, a public and orderly course of proceeding is to be observed; and the persons concerned in it not left to their own wills and discretion in their own case. (Gen. 2:17, Gal. (Acts 10:38, Heb. (Deut. 2:1–2) to honour their persons, (1 Pet. 5:31–32) and, after the divorce, to marry another, as if the offending party were dead. 7:19, Ps. 6:14, Gal. 21:1), 5. 8–9, Acts 11:29–30), 3. 1:3–4, Heb. They being the root of mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed, and the same death in sin and corrupted nature conveyed to all their posterity, descending from them by original generation. 12:28–29), 7. 8:20, Acts 17:11, John 4:22, Hos. V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated; and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin. (Heb. Which communion, as God offereth opportunity, is to be extended unto all those who, in every place, call upon the name of the Lord Jesus. (Col. 1:21–22, Gal. 104:15, Acts 18:14–15) It is the duty of civil magistrates to protect the person and good name of all their people, in such an effectual manner as that no person be suffered, either upon pretence of religion or of infidelity, to offer any indignity, violence, abuse, or injury to any other person whatsoever: and to take order, that all religious and ecclesiastical assemblies be held without molestation or disturbance. 3:14) working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will, (Eph. II. 66:2) singing of psalms with grace in the heart; (Col. 3:16, Eph. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated into the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices wherein he was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman, which should bruise the serpent's head, and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world, being yesterday and today the same and for ever. It was produced by the Westminster Assembly, which was called together by the Long Parliament in 1643, during the English Civil War, and met regularly in Westminster Abbey until 1649. (Gal. All those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption: by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God; have his name put upon them; receive the Spirit of adoption; have access to the throne of grace with boldness; are enabled to cry, Abba, Father; are pitied, protected, provided for, and chastened by his as by a father; yet never cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption, and inherit the promises, as heirs of everlasting salvation. (Heb. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any, but by a minister of the Word lawfully ordained. And particular Churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and public worship performed more or less purely in them. 2:7), 4. (Matt. (1 John 5:16), 5. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office of a magistrate, when called thereunto: (Prov. It pleased God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, His only begotten Son, to be (the Mediator) between God and man, (Isa. (1 Tim. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified; (Matt. 4:30) come to be deprived of some measure of their graces and comforts, (Ps. 10:1–4, Heb. 28:19–20, 1 Cor. 9:11, 13, 16, Eph. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass, upon all supposed conditions; yet hath he not decreed any thing because he foresaw it as future, as that which would come to pass, upon such conditions. (2 Cor. 26:27–28, Tit. (Ezek. 12:13), 2. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, so are they unworthy of the Lord's table, and can not, without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries, or be admitted thereunto. 4:4–5, Acts 13:39, Rom. 12:14, Rom. II. God alone is Lord of the conscience, (James 4:12, Rom. 1:32, 1 Cor. I. 16:10, Acts 2:23) and that not by a bare permission, (Acts 14:16) but such as hath joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding, (Ps. 4:15–16, 1 Cor. 13:7,17,24, 1 Cor. (Luke 16:29, 31, Eph. 19:21, Eccl. 11:3–4, Rev. These angels and men, thus predestinated and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed; and their number is so certain and definite that it can not be either increased or diminished. 23:23–24) eternal, (Ps. 143:2) but that He, looking upon them in His Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections. (2 Cor. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the Gospel, lawfully called thereunto. 130:4, 1 John 1:6–7), 4. 2:6, Isa. (Matt. 2:2, Ps. 2:16, 2 Pet. Yet, as, in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the New Testament, as well as under the Old, so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters ought to be taken. 7:9, 14, 24) together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of His obedience. (1 Cor. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospels, that is to say, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord: neither or which may be dispensed by any but a minister of the Word, lawfully ordained. Herbert Palmer, Assessor. 7:18, Col. 1:21) and wholly inclined to all evil, (Gen. 6:5, Gen. 8:21, Rom. II. 51) who are thereupon to be reconciled to him, and in love to receive him. 4:6–7, Ps. 47:7, Eccl. 4:2, 1 Cor. 1:32, Rom. 2:13) Wherefore, they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ, (1 Thess. I. 6:2, 1 John 2:3–4, 7–8) and that, not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it. 15:43, Philip. Adultery or fornication committed after a contract, being detected before marriage, giveth just occasion to the innocent party to dissolve that contract. (James 1:14–15, Eph. 19:12, 2 Cor. Jonah 4:11–13, Matt. III. 11:6) and withal, most just, and terrible in His judgments, (Neh. 63:13, Matt. III. 51:1) whereby they incur God’s displeasure, (Isa. IV. 7:24, Rom. All synods or councils since the apostles' times, whether general or particular, may err, and many have erred; therefore they are not to be made the rule of faith or practice, but to be used as a help in both. 7:29, Job 28:28), 2. 3:21) the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely, and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requireth to be done. 16:22, Gal. 8:9), 3. 12:6) yet never cast off, (Lam. 22:19–21, Luke 1:3–4, Rom. He is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things (Rom. II. 45:7, John 3:34) having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; (Col. 2:3) in whom it pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell; (Col. 1:19) to the end that, being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth, (Heb. Deuteronomy 4:16, Matt. 5:2, 3, 6, Ps. 6:4, 1 Cor. 2:2), 4. 8:30, Rom. It is not to be made to any creature, but to God alone: (Ps. 3:20) so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin, (James 1:23–25, Rom. Joshua 23:3, 1 Pet. No man may vow to do any thing forbidden in the Word of God, or what would hinder any duty therein commanded, or which is not in his own power, and for the performance of which he hath no promise or ability from God. (Ps. III. 13:6), 1. 51:4–5, 7, 9, 14, Ps. 6:11–12, Eph. As there is no sin so small, but it deserves damnation; (Rom. Galatians (Exod. 3:6, 14–15, 1 Cor. 29:29) that men, attending the will of God revealed in His Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election. 5:6–7, 13, 2 Thess. 1:20, 1 Cor 11:27–34, Jude 23), 4. 12:6, 14) And particular Churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the Gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and public worship performed more or less purely in them. Corinthians I The promises of it, in like manner, show them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof; although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works: so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace. 6:15, Rom. 4:2, Ps. 5:4–5, 13, Matt. 104:24, Ps. 1:5–6, Prov. (Rom. 90:2, 1 Tim. 2:3) and curse of the law, (Gal. 22:20), VI. 11:3, Col. 1:16, Acts 17:24), 2. 119:128, 2 Cor. 6:18) and, if vocal, in a known tongue. 2:3, 1 Cor. 4:3, 6, 16–17, 23–24, Heb. God hath appointed a day, wherein He will judge the world, in righteousness, by Jesus Christ, (Acts 17:31) to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father. I. 20:8, 10, Matt. After God had made all other creatures, He created man, male and female, (Gen. 1:27) with reasonable and immortal souls, (Gen. 2:7, Ecc. Numbers 9:10, 19–22, Acts 2:41, Acts 16:33, Mark 7:4), 4. 8:34, Acts 13:42, Luke 4:16, Acts 2:42), 7. 7:3, Exod. 1:19) those former ways of God’s revealing His will unto His people being now ceased. 28:19–20), 3. 7:11) purposing and endeavouring to walk with Him in all the ways of His commandments. 4:30, 2 Cor. 4:15–16, John 4:24, Luke 24:39) or passions; (Acts 14:11,15) immutable, (James 1:17, Mal. 12:36–37), 2. 9:8–10), 5. Col. 2:11–12, 1 Cor. The Westminster Confession of Faith is a Reformed confession of faith, in the Calvinist theological tradition. 1:4, Ps. Good works are only such as God hath commanded in his holy Word, and not such as, without the warrant thereof, are devised by men out of blind zeal, or upon any pretense of good intention. 51:7–12, Ps. 1. Synods and councils are to handle, or conclude nothing, but that which is ecclesiastical: and are not to intermeddle with civil affairs which concern the commonwealth, unless by way of humble petition in cases extraordinary; or, by way of advice, for satisfaction of conscience, if they be thereunto required by the civil magistrate. IV. 22:37–40), 3. Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visible elements, in this sacrament, (1 Cor. (Acts 20:7, 1 Cor. 24:14, Mark 12:33) But the acceptable way of worshipping the true God is instituted by Himself, and so limited by His own revealed will, that He may not be worshipped according to the imaginations and devices of men, or the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representation, or any other way not prescribed in the Holy Scripture. 8:1, Isa. 6:3–4, 1 Cor. So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God; and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the gospel. 2:4, Cant. 31:3) upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christ, (Heb. All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, he is pleased, in his appointed and accepted time, effectually to call, by his Word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ: enlightening their minds, spiritually and savingly, to understand the things of God, taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh; renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good; and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ; yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace. V. 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