Birch is a tree. There is convincing evidence in experimental animal models in support of their anti … The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. EMA is in the process of making appropriate changes to this website. Plant Profile: Birch (Betula Ssp). It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. There are two species in Scotland: Silver birch (Betula pendula): The leaves are alternate, oval to wedge-shaped, about 2.5-5 cm long with narrow … Silver Birch (Betula Pendula) tree identification. Sacred Earth Web site. Betula pubescens has been used in traditional cultures of the Americas and parts of Europe throughout history. In this time, she will spread seeds, brown flecks cloaking the white snow encircling the ground area around the tree. Description Birch is a thinleaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula in the family Betulaceae. Birch tar is often used as an ingredient of ointments for psoriasis and eczema. She loves plants, is published nationally and internationally, and teaches throughout the U.S. and in Italy on plant medicine. Detailed instruction on how to take birch leaf medicines and who can use them can be found in the package leaflet that comes with the medicine. Betula pubescens Ehrh., 1789: Nomi comuni Betulla pelosa Areale; Betula pubescens Ehrh., 1789 è una pianta della famiglia delle Betulaceae. A decoction of the leaves and bark is used for bathing skin eruptions. Their leaves are somewhat smaller. Phytochemicals are compounds that give plants their color, flavor, and smell. Study of the betulin enriched birch bark extracts effects on human carcinoma cells and ear inflammation. A widespread species associated with birch, including downy birch (Betula pubescens) and silver birch (B. pendula). Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). Betula nemorosa Laest. Betula pubescens Ehrh. Herbals which form a part of our nutrition and provide us an additional therapeutic effect are in demand and Betula utilis is one of such plant. Medicinal uses of the birch for skin conditions have a long history in folk medicine. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. While different species can bring similar medicine, Betula verrucosa, the silver birch, is used more in pediatrics and for flexibility of articulations, while Betula pubescens, the white birch, works with the endocrine system and the strengthening of the skeletal system. Yet, downy birchare characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. The Silver Birch is one of the best-known trees in cultivation today, especially in temperate regions, and is a common feature of forests, woodlands and gardens in Europe and parts of northern Asia. Betula pubescens - Downy Birch is probably one of the toughest native species and its range extends into the artic. Often called the “mother tree” because it was the first to grow as the Ice Age retreated, it represents fertility.1 Considered sacred by many cultures, birch has been thought of as “the way shower” because her bright, white bark illuminates the way in the night forest. A good plant to grow near the compost heap, aiding the fermentation process. In India, we are using plants and herbs to cure the diseases because of medicinal properties of these plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 131 (2010), pp. Good for dandruff, cradle cap in children, or a psoriatic or seborrheic dry, flaky, itchy scalp. A superb tree for encouraging wildlife, it has 229 associated insect species. The Birch-Tree. Vernacular Name. The elixir of life is given freely by the birch. The results are those desired in the correction of faulty metabolism. Used in hyperuricemia and gout, along with the gemmo remedy, Fraxinus excelsior (ash), the birch clears the blood while the ash alters the metabolism of uric acid formation through inhibition of xanthine oxidase. Birch is mostly found in temperate climates and is widespread in the Northern hemisphere, in North America, Europe, and Asia. The male catkins are the yang part of birch and provide stimulating general endocrine action. Regel. Birch Leaf (Betula pendula Roth and Betula. Betula pubescens Ehrh. Together with Vaccinium vitis-idaea (cowberry) and Rubus idaeus (raspberry), it is useful for female sexual arousal disorder. For more information about treatment with birch leaf medicines, read the package leaflet that comes with the medicine or contact your doctor or pharmacist. Drink birch tea as well for maximum benefit. Medicinally used plant parts . It is also used as a diuretic to increase urine output. Birch is one of the quintessentially feminine trees of ancient European cultures, as well as Native American traditions.2 Birch is called “the Lady of the Forest” in Russian folklore. Betula alba f. pubescens (Ehrh.) Regel Betula alba var. Betula pendula. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. English: Swamp birch; white birch; French: Bouleau pubescent; Local Common Names. R. Publisher MacDonald Year 1984 ISBN 0-356-10541-5 Description Medical plant . This is a summary of the scientific conclusions reached by the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) on the medicinal uses of birch leaf. When mature these trees can reach 30m in height. or hybrids of both species. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, which is classified under Betulaceae family. Their frequency is unknown. [6] Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. This disease also affects Betula pubescens and in 2000 was reported at many of the sites planted with birch in Scotland during the 1990s.In the United States, the wood is attacked by the bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius), an insect pest to which it has no natural resistance. 1937;63(10):384-386. Birch (Betula pubescens) for detoxification and decreased inflammation. It is similar in appearance to Silver Birch but has a more upright habit and a darker bark. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. In northern Europe Silver Birch is among the most commercially important trees, having a wide variety of uses. Trees with characteristic pale papery bark. ... Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. Description Birch is a thinleaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula in the family Betulaceae. Downy birch (Betula pubescens) is a fast-growing and relatively small deciduous tree. It is a glycoside with anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic and antiseptic properties. Because it is a spring tonic, however, using it during its sap flow in the spring will bring the depurative action that is so needed after a long winter of stagnancy, in a timely manner. Betula Pubescens Bud Gemmotherapy uses the extracts of fresh buds, young shoots, rootlets, or saps from developing plants, where the plant's life essence is at its peak in the young growths. ---Habitat---Europe, from Sicily to Iceland. Trees with characteristic pale papery bark. In this time, when skin is so easily damaged by the UV radiation from the sun, turning to one of the tree medicines, that of the feminine birch tree, can facilitate healing while also connecting us back to the rhythm of the cycles. What are the HMPC conclusions on its medicinal uses? http://www.sacredearth.com/ethnobotany/plantprofiles/birch.php. Weckesser S. Topical treatment of necrotising herpes zoster with betulin from birch bark. Betulin (bark): Betulin or birch camphor, present in the bark (10-15%), is one of the most important active principles of the plant. Species of the genus Betula are a difficult group taxonomically because of their high vegetative variability and frequent hybridization. Berke. as well as hybrids of both species, folium. I often pair birch with other gemmos, tissue salts, or homeopathic remedies for optimal bone healing. Further information on the risks associated with birch leaf medicines, including the appropriate precautions for their safe use, can be found in the monograph under the tab 'All documents'. It is noted … Betula platyphylla and Betula pendula have specifically been found to be potentially useful in the treatment of degenerative joint disease. Many species have been founded on only slight differences and many of these have subsequently been reduced to synonymy. Betula pubescens Synonyms. Betula pubescens has been used in traditional cultures of the Americas and parts of Europe throughout history.Its uses range from analgesic to treatment for dysentery and other … Birch (Betula spp.) Studies on Betula essential oils ... Betula pubescens ssp. The so called alteratives have been among the most useful of medicines in Eclectic therapy.7. Betula alba L. Betula borysthenica ; Betula odorata Bechst. Consider birch in the early stages of renal disorders including albuminuria, nephritis, pyelitis, and polycystic kidney disease.8. The birch bark is only used industrially for the production of extracts. Betulinic acid shows promising results in early phases of clinical trials with basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.16 Betulin, which can be converted to betulinic acid, has been reported as a cytotoxic agent against several tumor cell lines, HeLa (cervix adenocarcinoma), MCF7 (breast adenocarcinoma) and A431 (skin epidermoid carcinoma), and as an apoptotic conductor.17. Betula alba pumila L. Betula alba rhombifolia (Tausch) Regel. It is planted decoratively in parks and gardens and is used for forest products such as joinery timber, firewood, tanning, racecourse jumps, and brooms. Several species belonging to the genus Betula are widely used in traditional medicine. The larvae feed in distinctive galls formed on the leaves, the galls developing as yellowish-red to maroon pustules visible from above and from below. Culpeper says, “The juice of the leaves, while they are young, or the distilled water of them, or the water that comes from the tree being bored with an auger, and distilled afterwards; any of these being drunk for some days together is available to the stone in the kidneys and bladder.”4. Betulaceae. What is Birch? Birch leaf is the common name for the leaves of the tree Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. In Europe, the main species used in herbal medicinal products, foods, ... Cited in Assessment report on Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. For detailed information on the studies assessed by the HMPC, see the HMPC assessment report. Scientific name: Betula pubescens. pubescens (Ehrh.) Infestations are sometimes found on the foliage of young trees in nurseries or amenity areas. Feb 27, 2017 - Birch (Betula spp.) As with all sap, it has a tendency to ferment easily, so must be used in the early spring or preserved in some way. The inner bark is bitter and astringent, it is used in treating intermittent fevers. If symptoms persist during treatment, a doctor or a qualified healthcare practitioner should be consulted. ---Parts Used---The bark and the leaves. They also improve the condition of the nerve centers, given an impetus to greater and healthier activity of circulation, and breathing organs. Hence, the HMPC conclusions on the use of birch leaf medicines are based on their long-standing use. Betula alba tortuosa (Ledeb.) Betulinic acid has been demonstrated to kill several cancer types including melanoma (Cichewicz & Kouzi, 2004; Pisha et al., 1995). Origin: native. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic … Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Saved by Kitts Mitts. pubescens) is used to make a pleasant tasting tea that is a diuretic used in ‘irrigation therapy’ for the treatment of bacterial and inflammatory conditions of the lower urinary tract. The young shoots and leaves secrete a resinous substance having acid properties, which, combined with alkalies, is said to be a tonic laxative. Engl. Birch is a tree. Deciduous. Betula pendula Roth / Betula pubescens Ehrh. In their early years, they may grow up to one metre a year. Deu. : downy birch, birch, canoe birch, common birch, European birch, white birch. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. Tis Mal Crow says that the oils found in birch bark are very similar to those found in human skin, and when made into a water-based wash, soothes rough, itchy, and sensitive skin. Dr Christopher says it is a cholagogue, and Matthew Wood writes about the use of the bitter resin of the boiled buds for gallbladder stagnation.5,6. B. pubescens. Botanical name: She is an anusara-influenced yoga instructor, teaching the flow of yoga from the heart. The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have been cultivated or found in the wild. Mature trees can reach 30m in height, forming a light canopy with elegant, drooping branches. Abedul, Arbre de Sagesse, Betula, Betula alba, Betula pendula, Betula pubescens, Betula verrucosa, Betulae Folium, Biole, Bois à Balais, Boulard, Bouleau Blanc, Bouleau Odorant, Downy Birch, Sceptre des Maîtres d'École, Silver Birch, White Birch. The commercial leaf medicine is from China, Russia, Poland and other Eastern European countries. Tree sap was used as a fresh drink, but also as an ingredient in food and beverages. Betula pubescens subsp. Side effects that have been reported with birch leaf medicines include diarrhoea, feeling or being sick, and allergic reactions such as itching, rash and stuffy and runny nose. The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk while for downy birch it is rounded. Called the Cosmic World Tree, birch trees were used as “sky ladders” in Lapland and Siberia to travel, while in trance, to the sky world – the world of spirits and gods. Downy birch is more upright than silver birch and the bark is browner in colour with more obvious horizontal grooves and lacking the papery quality of the silver birch. Most of them are eliminants of morbific material. The diuretic action of birch will accelerate the process of elimination through the kidneys. Description. The birch tree (Betula spp) has deep roots in cultural history. More than any other action of the birch, the most unequivocal would be what the Europeans call depurative, the same action that is termed alterative in North America. Birch is used for infections of the urinary tract that affect the kidney, bladder, ureters, and urethra. Ingredients of the drug. (Betula alba) Click on graphic for larger image : Birch, Common Botanical: Betula alba (LINN.) http://themagicalbuffet.com. The bark is diuretic and laxative. Betula Pubescens, ha una potente azione diuretica, drenante linfatica, antisettica delle vie urinarie ed anti-infiammatoria, dovuta al suo contenuto di: saponine triterpeniche, di polisaccaridi (metilpentosani), e di glucosidi flavonici (iperoside, quercitrina, rutina) che creano un effetto drenante dei liquidi in eccesso, delle … Stay on the safe side and avoid use. For practical information about using birch leaf medicines, patients should read the package leaflet that comes with the medicine or contact their doctor or pharmacist. Marx H, Büchmann R. Über harntreibende Heilpflanzen. Bereza. Herbal medicines containing birch leaf preparations are usually available as herbal tea or in solid and liquid forms to be taken by mouth. Betula alba. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Extracts are prepared using a technique to extract compounds from plant material by dissolving them in a solvent (such as water or alcohol). 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