مننه! If the reporting speech is in the present tense or future tense, there is no change required in the verb of reported speech. 3rd Person pronouns in reported speech do not get changed. Muhammad Rafiq (author) from Pakistan on June 27, 2020: This sentence cannot be changed into indirect speech as it is lacking in an essential part, which is called Reporting Speech. Indirect Speech: You say that you will visit London. We often soften our words, or use indirect language when talking about sensitive topics such as correcting others’ mistakes, or requesting someone’s time or effort. Quoting a person’s words without using his own word and bringing about any change in the meaning of the statement is a reported speech. We said, “We had been waiting since morning.”. Dhanush said, “I am writing a letter now”. Indirect Speech: They said that they were taking exercise every day. Hence, they should be memorized thoroughly. Mary will say that that she often enjoys herself. Brilliant! Yoy told ajay that he to day cooking he rich that day. I am glad it helped you. Look at the following sentences: Direct Speech: She says, “I am a little bit nervous.”. First Person. My boyfriend asked, “Do you like horror films?”. Very easy to comprehend. I said to him, “Would that you were here on Sunday!”, You said to me, “ May you find your lost camera.”. Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech. Changes in Verbs 1. My son says that he often has a big hamburger. They said that it would have been snowing since morning. Mary said, “I have been writing this essay.”. Indirect speech, sometimes known as reported speech, is when something that has been said is reported. i know you must be thinking why should i learn rules first . We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. The Minister said that there will be no growth this year. When changing direct speech into indirect speech, changes have to be made to a sentence. She said, “I shall be visiting my college tomorrow.”. Direct Speech: You say, “I shall visit London.”. Free indirect speech is the combination of the two types of speech in the same sentence, so that the narrator faithfully presents what was said by the characters, but making use of an indirect speech in which he himself is telling what was said, that is , there is no separation of the speeches as in direct speech, but the scores are preserved, such as interrogations, exclamations. Lets take few more examples. She said, “I went to the shopping center.”. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. Her father said that he was living in London now. She said, "I saw him." 3. A full stop is placed at the end of the sentence instead of a mark of interrogation. Indirect Speech: She says that she is a little bit nervous. To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered, such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronouns, tenses, etc. INDIRECT – Do you know what day the school reopens? She said (that) she was waiting for Michael”. Indirect Speech: She says that she was not writing a letter to her brother. Reporting Verb: The verb of the first sentence ( i.e. Direct speech, also known as quoted speech, consists of words or phrases that are taken directly from the source. For example: Verb tenses usually shift back a tense (into the past) Word order often needs to change; Pronouns often need to change The actual words of boy are enclosed under quotation marks. She said that she would buy new house if she had been rich”. excellent explanation i learned neatly by this explanation thank you for giving this beautiful explanation . Usually, there is a mark of exclamation at the end of optative sentence. Past indefinite is changed into past perfect tense. Indirect Speech: They said that they had taken exercise. Thank you very much it is much helpful for me to revise, Thank you so much for this detailed explanation. Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.”. They said, “What a beautiful house this is!”. He said he had been walking along the Street. Thank you so much. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech: She says, “I am writing a letter to my brother.”. It is also called reported speech. For example: The reporting verb is changed according to reported speech into advise in case the sentence gives a piece of advice. Sir kindly change this sentence into indirect. These two ways are as follows: Direct Speech; Indirect Speech; Let us understand first by example. You said to him, “What a beautiful drama you writing! To convert such sentences into indirect narration, use the rules as mentioned above except said is sometimes replaced with told. Alternative names: A direct speech is also called as Quoted Speech. Explained every concept / rules in a very nice manner. Looking for an easy way to Learning of […] The butcher told us that we were closing at 7 o’clock. A very good step by step lesson. Indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech acts. Rafiq said, “I shall leave for London tomorrow.”. She said, “I have no time to read this book”. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. Do you like horror films? For example: To change optative sentences into indirect speech, follow the following rules along with the above-mentioned rules: My mother said to me, “May you succeed in the test!”. Indirect Speech: They said that they had been taking exercise since morning. For example: The reporting verb is changed according to reported speech into forbade in case the sentence prevents someone from doing something. Dear Amit@the student replied respectfully that he knew that. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. Indirect speech is also known as reported speech, indirect narration, or indirect discourse. He said, “I am writing a letter now.” He said that he was writing a letter then. He will say that his brother will help her. Sentences that make a statement are called assertive sentences. Muhammad Rafiq is a freelance writer, blogger, and translator with a Master's degree in English literature from the University of Malakand. when A GoOd PEicE is FOunD amId a bad ONe then that's your luckiness@BUT a Good STuff whose writter is also a visionary one and knows brevity@the more we prasie the site,the more it looks good@ReALY gOrgeous,,,,,,SIR,we wish U Safe and sound. Indirect Speech: He advised me that I should work hard to pass the exam. Thank you a lot. Thanks for such a brief explaination. Direct Speech: They said, “They take exercise every day.”. Indirect: He said that he was a hockey player. He said that he had been sleeping when Mary called. Inverted commas are not used. Thus, both direct and indirect speeches are two different ways of reporting a statement of person. Here are 10 examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, Direct: He says, "Jack kills a giant." Changes in Person of Pronouns 1. So, focus on every sentence to know how the above-mentioned rules have been used here. Alex said that his parents were very well. The inverted comma is used in direct speech, but not in indirect speech. It also has Check Your Answers section to check. For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. Indirect Speech. Every interrogative sentence ends at a sign of interrogation. Direct Speech is from the speaker’s standpoint, whereas indirect speech is from the listener’s standpoint. Muhammad Rafiq (author) from Pakistan on May 19, 2020: Muhammad Rafiq (author) from Pakistan on May 15, 2020: Thanks for your comments. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. Direct Speech: She said to me, “I am writing a letter to my brother.”. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. She said, “Alas! Indirect speech: Jerry said (that) he will buy a new car. It is very usefull and easy.... Jazak Allah❤❤. He said his father was helping his study. If the Reporting Verb is in the Past Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is changed to one or the other of the four forms of the Past Tense as described in the table below: Ad. Michael said, “I have finished my lunch.”. on May 26, 2020: It is very helpful and easy to understand. She said that she had gone to the shopping center. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense… Michael’s father said (that) Michael had been ill. My girl friend said (that) she could swim when she was five. My mother asked me to help her carry that. In indirect speech, the optative sentences become assertive sentences. ‘said to’ of direct speech changes to ‘asked’, ‘questioned’, or ‘inquired’ in Indirect speech. She exclaimed with great sorrow that her brother had failed in the test. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. My brother failed in the test.”. You said to him in great wonder that he was writing a beautiful drama. They said that they could communicate smothly. Really appreciable work. Present perfect is changed into the past perfect tense. I am glad it helped you. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech, Future Perfect Tense – Detailed Expression, 100 Sentences of Present Perfect Tense | Examples of Present Perfect Tense. Indirectly reporting an action in the future can change verb tenses when needed. my boyfriend asked. Thank you. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. Indirect Speech: She says that she is writing a letter to her brother. In simple words, quoting a person using your own words is called an indirect speech. Indirect Speech Definition: Indirect speech is writing that provides a summary of what somebody was supposed to have said, and when they said it. How about if the reported part is on the beggining of sentence while the reportin is on the end, The content was very useful as I learn more on how to improve my writing skills, Good content ..... Easy to understand and anyone can use in daily routine, It is really useful sentences transformed in indirect speech without any mistake, It is really useful sentences transformed in indirect speech without any mistake thanks, Reported speech is just a category in English Grammar to get the sentences directly or indirectly. Those sentences, which express hope, prayer, or wish, are called optative sentences. They said, “We have completed our homework.”. George said “I need help with my homework.”. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. 1st Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the subject of the reporting speech. These sentences may be in the shape of advice, entreaty, request, or order. I Could Not Understood It Please Help Me What Does It Mean? Thank you very much. Indirect Speech: The teacher ordered me to shut the door. Indirect She said the test was difficult. If the reporting speech is having the reporting verb at it its start, then, If the reporting speech is having interrogative words like. They said, “It will have been snowing since morning.”. He said he had taken Spanish lessons before. Direct speech: Jerry said, "I will buy a new car." He said to me that he would not give me any medicine without a prescription. This verb could be in any tense i.e., present, past, or future. Direct: He said to me, "What is your name?" Direct:- My girlfriend asked, “Do you like horror films?”. The rules above are mandatory for converting direct speech into indirect speech. She said, “I am going to see him tonight.”. Rules for converting Direct into Indirect speech. You say that you went to London the previous day. Children asked if they, could go to Gulmarg. The dentist said, “Your father doesn’t need an operation.”. He said that he was listening to the music. My mother said to me, “Never tell a lie.”. You prayed that I might find my lost camera. In the first sentence, the reporter conveys the message of the girl using her actual words (e.g., “I am a little bit nervous.”) In the second sentence, the reporter conveys her message but in his own words without any change in the meaning. We said that we went for a walk every day. Direct and Indirect Language . 1.He Will says to us, you can not play with me. Help me with this, Sir and what's the concept that justifies this. For example: Have you ever watched Terminator III movie? Georger told Samuel (that) he was sorry for the accident. These sentences may be positive, negative, false, or true statements. The butcher told us, “We are closing at 7 o’clock.”. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. thanks for sharing your resources. The Minister said, “There will be no growth this year.”. She said that her mother wasn’t very well. He said, “My father is playing cricket with me.”. If the reporting speech is in present tense or future tense, then no change is required to be made in the verb of reported speech.